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Alabama’s April Labor Force Participation Rate Rises to 57.5%

May 17, 2024

Alabama’s April Labor Force Participation Rate Rises to 57.5%

News Release

For Immediate Release: May 17, 2024

Alabama’s April Labor Force Participation Rate Rises to 57.5%

Labor Force, Employment, and Jobs Count All Reach New Record Highs

MONTGOMERY – Alabama Department of Labor Secretary Fitzgerald Washington announced today that Alabama’s April labor force participation rate increased by one-tenth of a percentage point to 57.5 %. The percentage of prime-age workers increased by two-tenths of a percentage point over the month to 79.1%. Over the year, this number increased by 1.7 percentage points from 77.4%. Prime-age workers are those aged 25-54 years.

“This continued growth in our prime age labor force participation rate is truly encouraging,” said Washington. “The over the year growth is showing that our prime age workers are indeed rejoining the labor force and making an impact.  Additionally, our total labor force has increased to its highest level, with more than 40,000 people deciding that they want a job since the same time last year.”

Alabama’s preliminary, seasonally adjusted unemployment rate is 3.1%, up from March 2024’s rate of 3.0%, and up from April 2023’s rate of 2.3%.  The rate represents 72,057 unemployed persons, compared to 70,884 in March and 52,004 in April 2023.

The number of people counted as employed increased by 20,117 over the year to a new record high of 2,263,393. The civilian labor force also reached a new record high, increasing to 2,335,450, with 40,170 more people joining over the year.

Over the year, wage and salary employment increased by 49,700 to 2,203,800. This represents a new record high for Alabama’s jobs count, with gains in the private education and health services sector (+13,700), the government sector (+9,400), and the manufacturing sector (+7,500), among others.

“Alabama’s employers are creating jobs,” continued Washington. “Our economy is supporting more jobs than ever before. We are all working together to ensure that we have the workforce to fill them.”

Counties with the lowest unemployment rates are:  Shelby County at 2.0%, Morgan County at 2.1%, and Cullman, Elmore, Madison, and Marshall Counties at 2.2%.  Counties with the highest unemployment rates are: Wilcox County at 7.7%, Perry County at 5.3%, and Dallas County at 5.0%.

Major cities with the lowest unemployment rates are: Homewood at 1.8%, Alabaster, Madison, Trussville, and Vestavia Hills at 1.9%, and Hoover at 2.0%.  Major cities with the highest unemployment rates are: Selma at 5.7%, Prichard at 4.9%, and Gadsden and Mobile at 3.7%.


Members of the media seeking more information should contact Communications Director Tara Hutchison.
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Seasonal adjustment” refers to BLS’s practice of anticipating certain trends in the labor force, such as hiring during the holidays or the surge in the labor force when students graduate in the spring, and removing their effects to the civilian labor force. 
The Current Population (CPS), or the household survey, is conducted by the Census Bureau and identifies members of the work force and measures how many people are working or looking for work.
The establishment survey, which is conducted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), a division of the U.S. Department of Labor, surveys employers to measure how many jobs are in the economy.  This is also referred to as wage and salary employment.